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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

Language Museum

637

up in technical words is more transparent in the corresponding abstract
noun. Greek prepositions have widely different values depending on
the case-forms which go with them. The ones given are those which
they usually have in technical terms.

Many Greek words transcribed in accordance with the foregoing
conventions have come into use with htde or no change These include:

(a) Mythical persons such as Medusa, Hydra, Gorgon, Titan, Andro-
meda, Morpheus, Nemesis, and nectar (the drink of the gods)
«   The myths have furnished many technical terms for zoological
or botanical genera, constellations, etc

(6) Medical terms of which the following are samples
apdpmg

Siappoia

dvaevrepia

efiTrXaarpov

yayypawa
Ocopat;

arthritis

apoplexy

asthma

diarrhoea

dysentery

emplastron (plaster)

epilepsy

gangreina

thorax

Kcnappoog
XsTrpa

irapaAvaiz

ifxopa

catharsis

catarrhoos

lepra

marasmus

paralysis

proboscis

rheumatismos

phlebotomy (blood-letting)

psora (itch — psoriasis)

(c) A few non-technical words such as the following:

daipwv

doy^a
dpa^a

enigma (riddle)
	idea
	idea

acme (topa pinnacle)
	Kpirrjpiov
	(criterion}

asbestos (unquenchable)
	Kvdo$
	kudos (glory)

basis
	opi^cov
	horizon

daemon
	iravaKsia
	panacea

diabolos (slanderer)
	7rpa£ig
	praxis

dogma
	Gtiypa.
	stigma (branding)

dtama
	cwta^ig
	syntax (arrangement)

thema (theme)
	vfev
	hyphen

ikon (image)
	<f>avraaia
	phantasia

emphasis
	Xapaxrrjp
	character

echo
	
	chaos

(i) aycov
(2)

(3) ama

(4)

(5)

(6) avrog

(a) GENERAL NOUNS
(agon)            contest        — protagonist
(agoge)          training       — pedagogue  (220), galacto-
gogue (127)
(aetid)            cause           — aetiology (36)
(aesthesis)      perception   — anaesthesia, aesthetic
(arche)           beginning    — archaic, archetype (ji),
origin                archenteron (301),
archegonium (li),
Archaeopteryx (348)
(autos)           self              — autolysis (37), autarchy
(202), autonomy (217)